Reshep (Resheph, Rahshaf, Rasap, Rashap, Resep, Reshef, Reshpu) was a Syrian plague and war god whose worship in Egypt dates from around the Eighteenth Dynasty. His name Resheph also is spelt several different ways means ‘lighting’ or ‘flames’ in Classical Hebrew. Originally adopted into the royal cult, Resheph became a popular deity in the Ramesside Period, at the same time disappearing from royal inscriptions. Resheph was closely associated with the native Egyptian war god, Monthu and with many other deities. Resheph is the husband of Qadesh, the Semitic goddess of nature (from Syria) and father of Min, the god of fertility. Resheph, (Hebrew: “the Burner” or “the Ravager”) ancient West Semitic god of the plague and of the underworld, the companion of Anath, and the equivalent of the Babylonian god Nergal. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Phoenicean Plague God We may be barking up the wrong pyramid, but Reshef seems to have an uncanny resemblance to the Egyptian Reshep. R.’s cult spread to the Egyptian War God Also known as Resep, Reshef, Resheph, Reshpu God of War, Battle and Military Operations Originally a Warrior God from Syria (see Reshef), he was drafted into the Egyptian pantheon and found himself part of a triad alongside the sexy love deities Min and Qadesh. 214: 1, where the divine names Hadad and El are followed by Resheph). Resheph was worshiped especially at Ras Shamra, Byblos, and Arsūf (later Apollonia, near modern Tel Aviv–Yafo). Resheph become popular in Egypt under Amenhotep II (18th dynasty), where he served as god of horses and chariots. What does resheph mean? Phoenicia With the costs of higher education at an all-time high, the American Dream of a college education can seem like just that — a dream. He also wears a bycoket hat. Imhotep was a commoner by birth who advanced to the position of one of the most imp… Chapter I deals with Resheph in the Ebla texts, already witnessing his assimilation to the Mesopotamian god Nergal, while Chapter II is dedicated to his consort Adamma. As such, Reshep was associated with Montu, Egypt's native god of war. He was thought to be able to repell the ‘akha’ demon which causes abdominal pains. Most had a principle association (for example, with the sun or the underworld) and form. He was also a war god and was thus represented as a bearded man brandishing an ax, holding a shield, and wearing a tall, pointed headdress with a goat’s or gazelle’s head on his forehead. Privacy Policy. He was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom. On stele representing the deity, Qetesh is represented as a frontal nude standing on a lion, often between Min of Egypt and the Canaanite warrior god Resheph. Syro–Palestinian god →DDD. Canaan God name "Resheph/ Mikal/ Mekal" Phoenicia: The god of plague & of the underworld: God name "Reshephi" Phoenicia: God of plague and the underworld. In Egypt, Reshep was considered a god of war and pestilence. Seta-Ta - A mummified god in the fourth division of Tuat Setcheh - A serpent demon Resheph (Rašap, Rešef, Reshef; Canaanite/Hebrew ršp רשף) was a Canaanite deity of plague and war.In Egyptian iconography Resheph is depicted wearing the crown of Upper Egypt surmounted in front by the head of a gazelle. The characteristics of individual gods could be hard to pin down. In these texts, Resheph … However, contrary to what we’ve been taught, the gods of Egypt in Moses’ day weren’t all Egyptian gods. Husband of Isis who, like her, was adopted into Greek and Roman religion outside Egypt. Corrections? Omissions? Resheph became popular in Egypt under Amenhotep II (18th dynasty), where he served as god of horses and chariots. Resheph become popular in Egypt under Amenhotep II (18th dynasty), where he served as god of horses and chariots. Reviews There are no reviews yet. He was brought into the Egyptian pantheon during the 28th Dynasty. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. (In Egyptian texts this God is called Reshep and is a God of Thunder and Battle.) Falcon-god of war in ancient Egyptian religion, an embodiment of the conquering vitality of the pharaoh. Updates? Under the title Mikal (or Mekal), he was also worshiped at Beth-shean in eastern Palestine and at Ialium in Cyprus. In these texts Resheph is described in various ways, such as the god or gatekeeper of the underworld, god of pestilence, god of war and god of (see, e.g., the inscription of Panammu I; H. Donner and W. Roellig, Kanaanaeische und aramaeische Inschriften, 1 (1967), p. 38 no. Originally adopted into the royal cult, Resheph became a popular deity in the Ramesside Period, at the same time disappearing from royal inscriptions. The worship of Resheph is found in Ugaritic, Phoenician, Aramaic and Egyptian texts. Qetesh-Wikipedia. Reshep was a god of Syrian origin whose worshipped in Egypt was established as early as the 18th Dynasty of the New Kingdom. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In Biblical Hebrew, רֶשֶׁף‎ resheph is a noun interpreted as “flame, lightning” but also “burning fever, plague, pestilence”. Introduction. In Biblical Hebrew, רֶשֶׁף resheph is a noun interpreted as … He also often showed together with Qetesh and Min. He was also often considered as the husband of Itum in relation of his ability or power to control diseases. Resheph become very popular under Amenhotep II during 18th dynasty, where he served as god of horses and the protector of royalty. comment. In the illustration at the top of the page, which shows an Egyptian limestone stele, the primoridal god Min stands in the centre, with the nature goddess Qetesh on his left, and Resheph on his right. Resheph was usually believed to be related to Mot, the god of sterility and death, but he also seems to have been a god of well-being, plenty, and fertility, and in that respect he may have been a form of the god Baal. References to Anubis are found in texts dating back to the Old Kingdom. His appearance portrayed as man wearing White Crown of Upper Egypt with a gazelle head in front and long ribbons steamed from back of the crown. Reshep's characteristic stance is brandishing a mace or axe over his head. Association with Hathor may be seen in imagery as well. Artistic representations and references show that he was lord of the underworld, the god of war and pestilence. His name Resheph also spelled as Rahshaf, Resep, Rasap, Rashap, Reshef or Reshpu whose name means ‘lighting’ or … God name "Resheph" Canaan: God of plague. Resheph is a deity well known in the Near East from the middle of the 3rd millennium to the end of the 1st century BCE. Resheph was a belligerent, aggressive god who used diseases to attack people, but who could also heal. Resheph I. Egypt had one of the largest and most complex pantheons of gods of any civilization in the ancient world. He is considered a chthonic god, the bringer of disease, but also a protector against it and thus a giver of life and health and one who hears prayers. Also, Apollo is usually equated with the Phoenician plague god Resheph. Rashpu is god Lord of the Sky Giver of good life Protection of life is around him b`l ḥẓ--Lord of the arrow (Ugaritic) ḥṣ -- arrow nb n nHH --Lord of Eternity nTr aA --Great god pn arw d šʿly nrn l ršp gn--The mouth of a lion, which Nuranu offered to R ašap of Gunu (Ugaritic) rSp gn--Resheph of Gunu/Garden In fact it seems he went there on vacation and never returned. Reshep was a war god whose origins are from Syria. Sometimes, he depicted as a man with a Syrian style beard. Resheph was an important god in the Aramaic pantheon of the eighth century B.C.E. She holds a snake in one hand and a bouquet of lotus flowers in the other as symbols of creation. At the request of the Goddess Athirat, these two Deities perform a harvest-ritual involving the sacrifice of an ass, which is meant to keep the animal from eating the leaves and shoots of the vines. Information and translations of resheph in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Be the first one to write a review. Resheph was a God of War and Tunder, originally from Syrian. He was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom. ... Qetesh is represented as a frontal nude standing on a lion, often between Min of Egypt and the Canaanite warrior god Resheph. Because of his martial skills, he was closely associated with the pharaoh in battle. Reshef Facts and Figures His name Resheph also spelled as Rahshaf, Resep, Rasap, Rashap, Reshef or Reshpu whose name means ‘lighting’ or ‘flames’ in Classical Hebrew. Reverence of Reshep extended as far away as Spain. He has links with Theban war god Montu and was thought of as a guardian deity in battle by many Egyptian pharaohs. Copyright © Egyptian-Gods.org. In this later period, Resheph is often accompanied by Qetesh and Min. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. In the Keret epic he is the god of plague or mass destruction. From the name alone, one can gather that Resheph was connected with pestilence. of the first century BCE, Resheph was a well-known deity. The originally Eblaite and Canaanite deity was adopted into ancient Egyptian religion in the late Bronze Age during the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt (late 15th century BC) as a god of horses and chariots. He is found in Ugaritic, Phoenician, Aramaic and Egyptian texts and features at least seven times in the Hebrew Bible. His beard appears Syrian in style and he normally wears the Upper Egyptian crown adorned with a gazelle head in front and a ribbon behind. The originally Eblaite and Canaanite deity was adopted into ancient Egyptian religion in the late Bronze Age during the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt (late 15th century BC) as a god of horses and chariots. All Rights Reserved. He also became the approachable deity who can grant success to those praying to him. Egyptian Gods: Resheph Resheph was a God of War and Tunder, originally from Syrian. RESHEF RESHEF is a northwest Semitic god, whose cult is best attested in northern Syria. Over the course of Egyptian history hundreds of gods and goddesses were worshipped. Canaanite God Resheph Addeddate 2011-09-02 22:50:06 Identifier CanaaniteGodResheph Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t7xk98h7s Ocr ABBYY FineReader 8.0 Ppi 300. plus-circle Add Review. Under King Djoser's reign (c. 2670 BCE) Imhotep was vizier and chief architect. Throughout his life, he would hold many titles including First After the King of Upper Egypt, Administrator of the Great Palace, Chancellor of the King of Lower Egypt, Hereditary Nobleman, High Priest of Heliopolis, and Sculptor and Maker of Vases Chief. Resheph, (Hebrew: “the Burner” or “the Ravager”) ancient West Semitic god of the plague and of the underworld, the companion of Anath, and the equivalent of the Babylonian god Nergal. Originally adopted into the royal cult, Resheph became a popular deity in the Ramesside Period, at the same time disappearing from royal inscriptions. However, his force for destruction of royal enemies in battle, extended beyond the royal circles by his power to cure the ordinary people disease. Egyptian Gods: Resheph Resheph was a God of War and Thunder, originally Syrian. He holds spear, axe, sickle, scepter or the ankh in hand. He was also known as “Lord of Sky”, “Lord of Eternity”, “Lord of Heaven” or “Governor of all the Gods” and an area of the Nile valley was renamed the “Valley of Reshep”. Serapis – A Greco-Egyptian god from the Ptolemaic Period who fused traits of Osiris and Apis with those of several Greek gods. Its history may be followed for 3,500 years, from the Ebla tablets of the third millennium bce to the Babylonian Talmud and the Aggadic Midrash, Exodus Rabbah, the redaction of which took place, it seems, not earlier than the tenth century ce. Resheph is a small god with long black hair that he keeps tied back. R. is known as an important god from Eblaitic and Ugaritic texts as well as Egyptian sources (LEITZ 2002). Tag Archives: Resheph ... IT’S A showdown on the Nile between the God of the Hebrews and the gods of Egypt. Outside Egypt away as Spain a Britannica Membership well-known deity best attested in Syria... The sun or the underworld ) and form or ‘ flames ’ in Classical.. 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